The Elusive Kandahar Cougar & Murphy’s Laws of Combat

2011-09-01-093316-1000aSergeant TJ Vowell insists he's seen the mysterious big cats of Kandahar many times. Recently, Sergeant Vowell got shot. 

06 September 2011
Kandahar Province, Afghanistan
Task Force Spartan

4-4 Cav, Bravo Troop, 2nd Platoon 2nd Squad

There is much talk about “jaguars” or “cougars” among the troops here.  At least a dozen American Soldiers claim they have seen gigantic cats in these flatlands.  “Gigantic” being defined as roughly the size of a German Shepherd.  During a mission, I asked about these mysterious big cats.  Several US Soldiers insisted—completely insisted—they were eyewitnesses.  The Afghan soldiers chuckled, saying their American counterparts were hallucinating.  The Americans remained adamant.  The inevitable follow-up questions came.  “How do you know what a cougar even looks like?  Have you ever seen one before?”  An Afghan commander said to a particularly persistent American, “You saw a sheep.

No, it was a big cat!” replied the American.
You maybe saw a donkey,” conceded the Afghan.
Everyone laughed.

We know there are big cats in Afghanistan.  This is widely accepted as fact, yet big cats are not reported living in the Zhari District of Kandahar Province.  We know there are polar bears in the United States.  But if you find yourself stumbling out of the Florida Everglades, ripping moss from your hair while mumbling that you saw a polar bear, locals might ask you to sit under a shade tree and enjoy an iced tea and a nap.  A polar bear in Florida is as likely as an alligator in Alaska.

Snow Leopards have been photographed this year in Afghanistan, but the climate and geography in the Wakhan Corridor is extremely dissimilar, and far less populated than Zhari.  We are in hot, dry country, just a short drive from the Dasht-i-Margo or “The Desert of Death.”  I visited this desert in the spring of 2006 and dozens of times since.

The Afghan Soldiers refute any suggestion that there are big cats here in Kandahar.  “No way,” they say, “impossible.”  American Soldiers insist they have seen them by naked eye, by weapon optics, and by thermal optics that can zoom with amazing clarity.  I look through these kinds of optics almost every day, and to be sure, they are so precise it’s hard to conceive anyone mistaking a sheep or donkey for a big cat.  But even when Soldiers agree another Soldier may have seen a big cat, the discussion turns to, “How long did you see it?  A second?  Ten seconds?  A minute?”  Sometimes they see it for minutes at a time.  Two Soldiers in separate locations claimed they saw large cats jump over high walls.  One Soldier told me he saw two cats at the same time.  Troops in different outfits who are miles apart are reporting seeing these cats from around Panjwai and Zhari.

Sergeant TJ Vowell, from McKinney, Texas, had spotted one.  LTC Katona, commander of 4-4 Cav was visiting the small base called Pashmal South where TJ and his unit are stationed. They seem to get attacked every day and are dishing out the same.  While LTC Katona studied a map with Captain Danny Sjursen, B-troop commander, I was asking TJ about the cats.  TJ reported that sees them “plain as day” almost every morning at the same time and place.  (Finally a “bingo” moment.)  But then LTC Katona took a break from the map to say that TJ had recently been shot.  Actually, the Commander was trying to brag about TJ, which is something you commonly see with American and British commanders.  They spotlight good fighters as if they were cherished sons.  LTC Katona was flagrantly bragging about TJ getting shot and returning to the fight.  (Look at my son the warrior!)

Well, when you run with the big dogs in combat, you meet a lot of warriors who’ve been shot, but you don’t meet a lot of warriors who see big cats here.  I wanted to ask more about the cats, but to be polite I first asked about how TJ got shot.  And besides, there’s never a boring way to get shot.

Murphy’s Law of Smoke Grenades

TJ and his buddies were on a search and destroy mission in Zhari district near Mollyan Kalache Village.  About 14 of our men were out there with about eight Afghan National Army (ANA) soldiers and one interpreter.  TJ and team were closing in on the enemy.  Suddenly (firefights often begin with a “suddenly”) our Soldiers started taking potshots and returned fire.  Apparently the enemy was also on a search and destroy mission. Many of the enemy are (or have become) respectable fighters so these skirmishes can go any direction.  The ANA quickly fired about eight RPGs and the engagement was full on.

TJ and another Soldier were using their grenade launchers to mark enemy positions with red smoke.  Two Kiowa Warrior (KW) helicopters rolled in and went to work with rockets and machine guns.  The KW crews are just about the deadliest people who have fought in Iraq and Afghanistan.  If you were to somehow add it all up, and see who killed the most enemy per capita, the KW pilots might leave our Special Operations people in the dust.  Maybe killing so many of the enemy is not something to brag about, but that’s just the facts.  Or at least the facts as I think of them, true or not, based on my time in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Anyway, TJ and gang were in a no-kidding firefight when the KWs rolled in attacked enemy at the red smoke.

WHAM!  An RPG hit between TJ and an ANA Soldier and they both went down.

2011-09-01-093900-1000aTJ’s weapon appears to have stopped a small frag.

Bullets were flying and TJ was hit in a calf with a through and through, meaning the bullet hit only meat and kept on going.  He felt a burning in his calf and ended up on the ground. Suddenly he was engulfed in red smoke.  The KWs had been cleared hot to attack any areas they saw red smoke.  TJ carries red smoke grenades in pouches and one had been fragged by the RPG or shot by a bullet.  A grenade in TJ’s pouch was burning red smoke marking TJ and the ANA soldier.

2011-09-01-093809-1000aTJ's grenade pouches with red smoke stains.

What happened next?”  I asked.  TJ tried to pull the red smoking grenade from his pouch to throw it away but it burned his hand even through his glove.  He couldn’t get a firm grasp.

Bad news!” I said, “So the KWs were rolling in to attack on your smoke grenade?

TJ said that a KW came in and was hammering away with the .50 caliber and bullets slamming the ground.  The helicopter was close and very loud.

How did you make them stop?

2011-07-18-053703-1000Raisin hut surrounded by grape rows in Kandahar Province.

TJ said Specialists Zachary Newberry and Justin Earle both got the idea to jump up on a grape row and wave an orange VS-17 panel, hoping to catch the attention of the KW pilots and not the enemy or a bullet.  (Soldiers often use brightly colored VS-17 panels, marking their vehicles and such, so that they can be identified from the air.)  And so Specialists Newberry and Earle courageously jumped up and began waving their panels in the middle of the fight.  It’s a wonder the enemy didn’t shoot them flat.  The KWs immediately broke off the attack.

Holy mackerel, brother!  So now you are shot, and what happened with the ANA Soldier with you?  You said he was shot too?

TJ said the ANA soldier was named Pasha, and Pasha got fragged in the neck and then shot in the hip.  The medic, Private First Class (PFC) Edderick Mangruem, first made it to TJ and saw that the bullet had gone through his calf and missed the bone.  He quickly treated TJ and ran over to Pasha and went to work.  Meanwhile, the medical helicopters (love these crews) apparently already were on their way.

The Soldiers had to work their way to an HLZ (helicopter landing zone) and TJ was able to use his rifle as a crutch, but Pasha was helped by a US Soldier under one arm with an Afghan under the other.  They had to move about 250 meters to the HLZ while still dealing with small sporadic gunfights.

They had to climb over grape rows and some obstacles, so it was a bit of a challenge but they made it, and were only waiting about one minute when the helicopter arrived.  It landed very close, nearly on top of them; TJ said the helicopter Soldier was out the door in a second and ran straight to the wounded. The helicopter Soldier had them aboard in about a minute, and only about 15 minutes later he was in the hospital at Kandahar Airfield.  (One of the best trauma facilities on Earth, they say.  I’m not a trauma specialist with worldwide experience, but I believe it’s probably true.)

TJ said the medical staff was very good.  As soon as he arrived, they cut off his whole uniform and he was completely naked and some doctor was checking him head to toe.  “You always end up completely naked in the trauma centers,” I said.   TJ laughed, “Yeah, I was naked.”

I said, “TJ, now that’s very weird, isn’t it?  One minute you are shooting red smoke, next minute you are in the red smoke, and less than 30 minutes later you are far away from the grape rows and in a hospital.  What did you do?”  I asked.

TJ called his wife even before he went into surgery.  A Soldier from 4-4 Cav is always stationed at Kandahar Airfield to help wounded Soldiers in situations like this.  The 4-4 Cav Soldier pulled out a cell phone and handed it to TJ who dialed his wife.  I asked what TJ told his wife, and he answered, “Honey, don’t worry I just got shot in the leg.  It’s okay and I’m going into surgery. I’ll call you when I get out.”  He said she was freaking out.  I said, “TJ, I remember another Soldier in Mosul who also got shot in the leg and said almost the exact same thing to his wife.”  (Gates of Fire)

2011-09-01-093808-1000aTJ's smoke grenade pouches.

Bottom line is that TJ and Pasha turned out okay, but it took weeks for TJ to get back to the unit.  Leadership tells me that TJ is not one to be held back, so there were some issues with him wanting to get back in the fight before he was ready.  Now he’s back in combat again.  (Commander still bragging, and not even subtly, “Look at my warrior son!”)  Despite the leadership bragging, it’s true, you only have to meet TJ for about two minutes to realize this man was not made to sit the bench.  He’s from Texas.  Seems like half the Army is from Texas.

So, with the gunshot story over, I asked TJ what color is the cat he’s been seeing.  He sees the cat almost every morning, and it’s brown and has spots or stripes. He said it stays about 300 or 400 meters away, and sometimes hangs out for up to twenty minutes.  I asked if he’d stake it out with me if I came back, because with my camera gear we can practically get its eye color from 400 meters. He said sure, come back and we’ll stake it out.

It might not be long until we settle the question of the Kandahar Cougar.


# Tammy 2011-09-06 13:30
I'm very happy T.J. and Pasha are going to be fine, can't wait for photos of the bit cat!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Roger 2011-09-06 14:17
Outstanding Warriors! And waiting on the kitty!
Reply | Report to administrator
# josi 2011-09-06 14:33
this was a cool story. cant wait for the proof that TJ was seeing this. we have cougars where i live too. :-):-)
Reply | Report to administrator
# A&N 2011-09-06 14:37
We remember a photo you took of a wild dog in Afghanistan bye the side of the road munching on a corpse. It was the ugliest, most unbelievable looking animal we ever saw. Could you repost it? Great story about TJ. And Gates of Fire was well worth re-reading. One constant in your dispatches...ou r men are the greatest.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Stu 2011-09-06 14:56
Nice story Mike. A well written and welcome break from the politics. Thanks for taking the time.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Leyla Najma 2011-09-06 15:11
Thank you for sharing as always! Glad everyone was okay and I'll look forward to seeing photos of the mysterious cat!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Papa Ray 2011-09-06 15:29
"Despite the leadership bragging, it’s true, you only have to meet TJ for about two minutes to realize this man was not made to sit the bench. He’s from Texas. Seems like half the Army is from Texas."

Yep, and from what I have read, the numbers from Texas were very high in all of our past wars.

I know that during my hitch in the U.S. Army 63-66 I met more fellow Texans than any other, except maybe for those from Tennessee and Kentucky. Those were some wild guys but damn good in a fight.

Good story. Keep pushing.

Papa Ray
Reply | Report to administrator
# Scott Solar 2011-09-06 15:54
Leopards are found in the region
Reply | Report to administrator
# Wayne Philpot 2011-09-06 16:15
Mr. Yon, once again, you bring the absolute greatness of the kids making our fight there to the public eye. I'm amazed by the grit and professionalism that are carried and displayed by these warriors. Keep your head down, and please keep reporting, sir. I sincerely hope that the censorship issue will not end your efforts there.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Robert C Smith 2011-09-06 16:24
Found this from back in June. It is not just the 4/4 Cav reporting these in the Zhari district.

While he may not have talked with Micheal, my son claims to have seen big cats just a dusk while out on patrol. He was raised hunting and knows a big cat from a sheep or donkey...LOL
Reply | Report to administrator
# Andre Mauboussin 2011-09-06 16:46
Thanks again for another great dispatch. I'm betting TJ knows a cat when he sees one ;-) I hail from nearby Frisco, TX. Please give him and his comrades our best regards.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Docbill 2011-09-06 17:08
There are leopards all over Asia and not just snow leopards. Pull a picture off the net of an Asian leopard and see if they can identify it. They wander all over Indian villages at night.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Patrick Quinn 2011-09-06 17:08
stay safe
Reply | Report to administrator
# 3VP 2011-09-06 18:06
In 2007, my platoon set a night ambush in the hills at Masum Ghar. Sometime in the night, the clacker got yanked out of my buddie's hand. We assumed it was the En tripping over the wire. After no enemy sighted and daylight broke, we saw that the claymore had been chewed up, by something huge! No clue how it didn't go off. So next night, we set up again, and this critter chews through the cord connecting the clacker! Nobody sees it! A week later, one of our vics see a cat in thermal, but it jumped about 15 onto a rock outcropping. Big Cat in Kandahar confirmed. Seems they're working for the Taliban though...

Charlie Company
Reply | Report to administrator
# Michael Yon 2011-09-06 18:35
3VP -- THAT's an interesting story.Will ask if we've had any Claymores chewed up. I've heard that dogs will eat C4. Claymores have C4. Makes me wonder if the cats-dogs around here have ripped open any Claymores. If so, maybe need to rub something on the Claymores that tastes terrible but that the enemy cannot smell.
Reply | Report to administrator
# USMC 2011-09-06 19:19
Thanks for the' s ...always amazing to look at the gear and clothing these men are using today..and try to think what all those things are for...some are rather easy, like cartridge belts...but others...???? and just viewing the good men who are fighting this war...grateful TJ is OK....and thanks again Mike for your efforts keeping us informed...
Reply | Report to administrator
# Jim Long 2011-09-06 19:43
:-) This story reminds me of the tiger stories we heard about in Vietnam. The guys on point would claim to see them in the jungle; I can't say they really did or not, but it made a good story.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Tommy Barrios 2011-09-06 20:03
It's kind of a coincidence that you put up this article as their was a Nature documentary recently on PBS that claims Leopard populations are the rise as other big cats are declining.

It also claimed that Leopards are increasingly being sited closer and closer to human populations, even in major large cities around the globe.

I believe that if the troops are seeing these Leopards then they should consider themselves to be very lucky to even see them as they are extremely secretive and mostly nocturnal.

The descriptions you have relayed sounds indicative of the Leopards that do exist in the middle east though they are smaller and lighter colored than their African cousins and South American cousins, the Jaguars.

If anyone is interested here is the link to the Nature documentary:-)
Reply | Report to administrator
# Frank 2011-09-06 20:16
Glad the guys are ok,...danger close???? Really curious about this cougar. When I was @ KAF, we heard about the cougars. Never got to see one though :sad:
Reply | Report to administrator
# Phyllis 2011-09-06 20:36
Interested in the answer to this one. Inquiring minds want to know. I can't imagine these guys would tell such a tale if there wasn't some truth in what they were saying. They know they'll be teased. I hope you get a picture sometime.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Lee Zundel 2011-09-07 00:19
Thats my Boy !! My lucky boy!!
He is a great soldier, dad and a great son! Stay safe!
Reply | Report to administrator
# peter 2011-09-07 01:22
Great reporting. Semper fi.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Chris 2011-09-07 01:53
So what happened to Pasha?Was he able to get back to the unit?
Reply | Report to administrator
# BravoBilly 2011-09-07 02:24
I was at a meeting the day or so ago and someone who had been a Navy SEAL stationed in Viet Nam in the Early days, talked about walking on a trail and coming up a tiger. They both looked at each other in shock, and the tiger ran off. The SEAL said to this day he still wakes up sometimes with the tiger on his mind. I think the topic that day was fear. :eek::
Reply | Report to administrator
# Sara Johnson 2011-09-07 02:40
Your reunion with TJ will be a welcome report. Be Safe.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Kathy 2011-09-07 02:50
So proud of T.j and his Brother Bryce,
Reply | Report to administrator
# Orion 2011-09-07 03:07
I have a feeling this is going to turn out to be a Caracal, about 30-40lbs and about 3 feet long. Very quick, very secretive and its range extends from Africa through Pakistan - and since they don't exactly follow borders, it's not much of a stretch to imagine it in Afghanistan.

Not quite 'gigantic' or the 'size of a german shepherd' but I've noticed people tend to exaggerate the sizes of cats a lot. And since there aren't a lot of reports of people being silently carried off and devoured, I'm doubtful it's any sort of leopard.

Reply | Report to administrator
# PJRanger 2011-09-07 14:37
Michael, As a KW pilot, I can attest that the situation TJ and Pasha found themselves in is a KW pilots worst nightmare. His buddies did exactly the right thing by calling for the wave off. Cudos to 4-4 Cav and the KW pilots who are "over the shoulder" of the ground guys!

Maybe the KWs can get some recon info on the Big Cats...

Give 'em Hell!!!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Michael Yon 2011-09-07 14:44

The KW teams from the air to the mechanics are extraordinary. If you ever see someone waving at you from a firefight giving a high-five, that's probably me. :-)
Reply | Report to administrator
# PJRanger 2011-09-07 14:56
I'm not downrange at this time but will be come February. My brothers and sisters are there bringing the fight, your words do them credit and I thank you!
Reply | Report to administrator
# MTN 2011-09-07 15:49
There are all kinds of wild cats in Asia. The troops could be seeing felis chaus, the jungle cat, for example. It is larger and taller than a typical house cat and could look like a cougar from a distance.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Kathy Benton 2011-09-07 23:19
The part about TJ's grenade being too hot to handle even with the Army gloves on made me think about how the soldiers' pants aren't holding up. Do they get issued crappy gloves too? Or is that to be expected with hot grenades?
Does anyone how long good gloves should last? (My son was a repairman, so he may not be the best person to ask, but I will ask him.) His friend is US Army in Kandahar and he asked for a pair of Wiley X gloves when he went over 4 mos ago. Is it time to send him another pair?
Reply | Report to administrator
# Old Seabee 2011-09-08 04:57
Great story! Glad everyone came out ok on that occasion (except for the enemy). I can't wait to see the cat!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Staghounds 2011-09-08 12:26
Thank you for giving Pasha his name! We usually hear of "ANA soldiers", and I know there are security reasons as well as chauvinism/audi ence focus favtors at work, but our allies are in the fight and bleed just as red.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Wayne Philpot 2011-09-08 13:40
Quoting Lee Zundel:
Thats my Boy !! My lucky boy!!
He is a great soldier, dad and a great son! Stay safe!

God bless you, sir, and God bless TJ and his crew. You obviously raised a great kid who's turned into a great man.
Reply | Report to administrator
# SteveInSD 2011-09-08 16:36
I think Orion is probably right. The Caracal's range includes much of Afghanistan. The wiki article says they are easily domesticated, and are used by Iranians as hunting cats. Hmmm.

They do resemble cougars. If no range reference was handy when sighted,I could see them being mistaken for a bigger cat.

I had unexpected face-to-face meetings with both mountain lions and black bears in the Sierras. Works better than coffee to wake a body up!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Paddy mac 2011-09-09 10:48
There is no doubt that big cats exist in Kandahar....are Sniper section reported them on more than one occassion
Reply | Report to administrator
# Tim 2011-09-11 23:45
My experience is that the wiley-x gloves a crap. not to plug oakley but their gloves are phenomenal and you can get them at discount from usstandardissue .com with a military ID.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Orion 2011-09-13 04:05
PJRanger and Mr. Yon,
As a Chinook mechanic (15U2O), I must object to the characterizatio n of Soldiers getting IN a Kiowa. I saw one of these up close at USAALS and mistook it for a half-size trainer (much to the irritation of the folks working on it).

One does not 'get in' a Kiowa. One 'puts on' a Kiowa, much as one would put on body armor, or a shirt. And like every bird in the inventory, they ROCK at what they do. :D

And Tim: Agree with you on the gloves 100%.

Reply | Report to administrator
-1 # Trey 2011-09-14 00:33
I've seen the big cats in the Zabul Province, East of Kandahar...FOB Wolverine area via IR "Eye in the Sky". No mistaking! They are out there!
Reply | Report to administrator
# Mark 2011-09-14 21:51
Reminds me of the stories I have heard about servicemen in Vietnam teeling the "story" of a L.R.R.P. and in the night a big jungle cat dragging off one of the patrol not give away his position he doesn't shout out and kills the cat with his knife and crawls back to his position..I have heard the same story but it was with a Force Recon Marine then a Army Ranger then a seal...Always got a kick out of hearing that story several different ways.
Reply | Report to administrator
# Dan Wolf 2011-09-15 14:25
I did not look through all the above posts to see if anyone else might have reported this yet, but what the soldiers are probably seeing is a Jungle Cat. It is a resident of KAF. They can grow up to 37 inches long by 14 inches tall and weigh up to 26 pounds.
I am a wildlife vet in the US, but I served at KAF earlier this year as an ARMY veterinarian, working with the MWDs and CWDs. We also provided euthanasia service for animals that might have transmitted disease, namely rabies. Sometimes these cats would walk into the traps set up to catch stray dogs and domesticated cats. The domestic animals were euthanized, but the Jungle Cats were given a subcutaneous ID chip and released. We ID'd them so we could tell which ones were smart enough to come back to the cages for a free meal.
Reply | Report to administrator
# SPC Flory 2011-11-08 20:55
About the "big Cats". I just returned home from Afghanistan in late Aug, where I had spent the last 2 1/2 - 3 months of my deployment with Bandit 4-4 where I was flying my UAV around the clock. I have seen these large cats myself, both with my UAV and my very own eyes while on mission... I'd Like to say hi to my brothers out there at South. Stay strong and come home safe!
Reply | Report to administrator

Add comment

Due to the large amount of spam, all comments will be moderated before publication. Please be patient if you do not see your comment right away. Registered users who login first will have their comments posted immediately.

Security code

Reader support is crucial to this mission. Weekly or monthly recurring ‘subscription’ based support is the best, though all are greatly appreciated.  Recurring and one-time gifts are available through PayPal or




My BitCoin QR Code

This is for use with BitCoin apps:


You can now help support the next dispatch with bitcoins:

Donate Bitcoins